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About Saffron

The history of saffron
Research and documentation show that the foothills of the Zagros Mountains are the native lands of saffron. The oldest records about the usage of saffron come from the period referred to as the Achaemenid era where all of the food products that were used in the palace kitchen in that time are inscribed on a pillar. According to these inscriptions, one kilogram of saffron was used each day in the palace kitchen.

The botany and composition of saffron
the scientific name for saffron is crocus sativus. It is both a bulbous and herbal plant. The lifespan of the saffron plant is 7 to 10 years. The brown bulb of the saffron plant belongs to the corm family. Each bulb grows into 6 to 9 thin, herbal leaves. In the autumn, one or two pink or purple colored flowers bloom from each corm. The pistil of the saffron flower is in the center and contains the ovary and the thin, yellow style growing inside. Saffron flowers have bright, red stigmas that are 20 to 30 mm in length. The stigma is the edible and commercial part of saffron. The stigma has many chemical components, such as:
carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, pigment (especially crocin), essence (especially safranal) and flavorings (especially picrocin).

The Uses of Saffron
Saffron is used as a spice in many culinary products:
– Food products such as margarine, sausages, cake powder, and many desserts.
– Dairy products such as butter and cheese.
– Saffron is also used in other products such as sweets, candy, ice cream, jelly, beverages, wine, chicken, rice, seafood, soup, bread, and cake.

The primary users of saffron

Germans and the English use saffron for the preparation of saffron cake.
Arabs use saffron for preparing a kind of tea named after it and Arabic coffee.
Indians use saffron for the preparation of a dish called Biryani.
Italians and the Swiss use saffron for the preparation of a dish with rice called Risotto.
Spaniards use saffron for the preparation of a dish called Paella.

Other applications for saffron
Due to its other properties, Saffron can also be used for medical purposes such as:
• Helps with digestion; strengthens the stomach and is anti-tympanites.
• Rouses sexual desire
• Is analgesic, especially for colicky pains and combats gingivitis
• Helps to fight tumors and collections of free radicals (thus reacting against cancerous cells).

Global trade in saffron

Saffron Types





Bitterkeit – Geschmack(Picrocrocin)>90

Das Beste vom Besten, dieser Safran in Premiumqualität enthält keinen gelben/orangen Teil des Stiels. Es ist die beste Safransorte, weil die Fäden eine gute Länge und volles Rot haben. Damit Sie den maximalen Geschmack und das Aroma finden.





Bitterkeit – Geschmack(Picrocrocin)>90

Diese Safransorte hat einen sehr kleinen Anteil gelber Farbe in den Fäden. Daher wird die Safrankonzentration im Vergleich zur vorherigen geringer sein.





Bitterkeit – Geschmack(Picrocrocin)>85 

Sargol besteht nur aus den roten Narbenspitzen. Sargol-Safran enthält oft gebrochene Fäden.





Bitterkeit – Geschmack(Picrocrocin)>85

Dies ist die billigste Art und enthält viele orange/gelbe Portionen ohne Wert. Viele Händler nutzen die Verbraucher aus, indem sie ihnen die orangefarbenen und gelben Teile des Fadens verkaufen, um ihre Gewinnmargen zu erhöhen.


Super Negin Saffron (All Red Saffron): Three strands of saffron stigma connect together. So, strands of saffron stigma are skeined, it seems beauty appearance and more volume, this saffron is more appropriate in market than other classes, so it is more expensive.

Negin Saffron( all red Saffron): Negin belongs to a new variety of saffron that is longer and thicker than common saffron.
Sargol Saffron (All red saffron): This kind of saffron is pure and contains the stigma without the style. 105 kg of saffron flowers produces 1kg of sargol saffron.

Pushal Saffron: Pushal Sargol is a hybrid that produces saffron which is longer and thicker than common saffron.

Daste Saffron (Bunches Saffron): This kind of saffron contains the stigma with the whole style.

Style Saffron(konj in Persian): This kind of saffron only contains the style without the stigma.

  • Saffron Powder

Although Saffron powder is not a grade of Saffron, it is prepared by fine grinding of Sargol, Pushal and Bunch parts of the plant. This product has a slightly lighter color compared to Sargol and Pushal and its coloring capacity is obviously less. The manufacturing process is done by superior technology to avoid loss of Persian saffron`s quality. Saffron powder can be easily adultered and mixed with other ingredients such as artificial dye and turmeric, so it has always to be obtained from trusted source.